Harappan Civilization is much older than Aryan Civilization. It was believed that the Aryan civilization was the most ancient Civilization of India. But this view has sustained injuries in the twenties of the 20th century with the discovery of a very ancient civilization. Archaeologists have unearthed the ruins of a civilization in the Indus valley which is very older and contemporary to the civilizations of ancient Egypt and Babylon.
In 1921 A.D., Dayaram Sahani excavated remains of Harappa civilization in Montgomery of Punjab and in 1922 A.D. Rakhaldass Banerjee discovered Mohenjo-daro civilization in Larkana of Sind. At the beginning it was named as Indus civilization but later on it was termed as Harappa civilization.
Area of Harappan Civilization:
After intense study it was found that Harappan civilization was spread in the area between Iran and Pakistan in the west, the Himalayas in the north and to the Bay of Cambey. Many samples of this civilization have been found on the banks of Bhogabar River in Gujarat-known as Lothal; in Rupar on the banks of Sutlez; on the banks of Gharghara; known as Kalibongan and Alamgirpur in Uttar Pradesh. It can be said that Harappa civilization had an area of 1100 km in east–west and 1600 km in north–south.
Authors of Harappa:
It could not be ascertained as to who were the authors of Harappan civilization. Some said that Vedic Aryans created this. Harappa civilization was too old and Aryans did not come to India before that. So, Marshall said that it was different and foreign in nature. Somebody claimed it to be a creation of Dravids. But that was also not proved. We can say that Harappa was a mixed creation. The skulls and bones excavated from these areas proved that Kaukesian, Mediterranean, Alpsian and Mongol people lived in these areas. So, it can be called a mixed culture.
Also read, Stone Age in India
By Amit Agarwal