Bhakra Nangal Dam Multipurpose Project

Bhakra Nangal Dam Multipurpose Project

The Bhakra Nangal Dam is the largest river valley project in India. It has been implemented by the joint efforts of the Punjab and Rajasthan Governments.

The plan for Bhakra Nangal Dam was accepted in 1948 and work began in 1951. Under this project, a 226 meters high dam was constructed across river Sutlej, tributary of the Indus, at Bhakra in Himachal Pradesh. To the south of it, 13 km away at Nangal in Himachal Pradesh, another 29 meters high dam was constructed.

From these dams nearly 1104 km long main canal and 3360 km long branch canals were constructed providing irrigation to nearly 14 lakhs hectares of land in Punjab, Haryana and Rajasthan. Under this project, 4 hydel power stations have also been set up at Bhakra, Gangwal and Kotla (Production capacity approximately 1204 megawatts).

By Amit Agarwal