The elephant is a strange-looking animal. It has thick and long legs. They look like pillars. It has two very large ears and a long trunk and two white tusks. But its eyes and tail are unusually small. The elephant lives on leaves of trees, plants, fruits and grains. Elephant are generally found in the forests of India, Africa and Burma.
No other animal is as large and strong as the elephant. But it is not at all dreadful and ferocious like the tiger or the lion. Elephants can be tamed and they are generally gentle and good-natured.
The elephant is a useful animal. Its bones and tusks are used to make many valuable things. Elephants are used to draw heavy loads and to pile up logs. They are also used in hunting and in the circus.
By Amit Agarwal
Importance of Milk
Milk is a very nutritious food. It is a liquid and white in colour. Milk tastes sweet and can be easily digested. It is an ideal food for all. Many old, the sick and children cannot live without milk. We generally get milk from our domestic animals like cows, buffaloes. Cow milk is best in quality. So, it is liked by everybody. New-borns get milk from their mothers’ breasts. This milk is most useful for the proper mental and physical growth of the child. There is another kind of milk called powder-milk. It can be preserved for a long time. But this milk is not as good as the natural milk.
We prepare various sorts of sweets and many other delicious food items from milk. Milk has many by-products. Curd and cheese are made from it. We also get ghee and butter from the cream of milk. Thus, milk is a very useful food.
By Amit Agarwal
1983 World Cup Final
June, 25, 1983 is the most memorable day in the history of Indian cricket. It was on this day that the Indian cricket team under the captaincy of Kapil Dev won the Prudential World Cup. India became the world champions in cricket.
Everybody’s hot favorites were Clive Lloyd’s West Indies. They were on a hat-trick to win the Cup. Their chance of winning the final match at Lords became bright when India was all out for only 183 runs. The West Indies came in to bat and took the match lightly. Sandhu struck first for India when he had Greenidge leg before. Richards attacked Indian bowling but was soon dismissed. Kapil Dev took the brilliant catch off the bowling of Madanlal. Now the Indians became optimistic and fought back desperately. As a result, there was a collapse in the West Indian middle-order batting. At one stage, they were 76 for 6. The Indian bowlers as well as the fielders worked wonders in the field. The historic moment came when Michael Holding was leg before top Amarnath. India became winners in world cricket.
The happiest moment came when the Indian captain Kapil Dev took the Prudential Cup. Amaranth was declared the ‘Man of the Match’. Many spectators waved the Indian tri-colour in joy. People in Indian cities and towns came out on the streets at mid-night to celebrate this historic win.
By Amit Agarwal
The removal of the top soil by human and natural agents is termed soil erosion. Destruction of trees speed soil erosion. The poor maintenance of agricultural land and overgrazing of pastures enhance the rate of soil erosion. If a sloping land is ploughed the water runs down furrows. The natural drainage system is damaged and soil erosion is increased. The natural agents of erosion are overflowing rain-water, sun-rays and wind. The top soils on river beds are carried away by rivers and streams. Overflowing rain-water washes away mud and dust. Weak soil is also blown away by wind and damaged by sun-rays.
As a result of soil erosion millions of hectares of land have become unproductive and barren. The earth’s crust is decayed and fertility is lost. To prevent soil erosion steps must be taken to plant trees and protect forests. The agricultural land must be maintained properly and the drainage system must be improved. Moreover the pastures should be used in a restricted way. If we take these measures we can surely have a remedy for the damages already done by soil erosion.
– Paridhi Khanna
Short Paragraph on Earthquakes
Any sudden movement of the earth due to a natural cause which produces a shaking is known as an earthquake. The chief cause of earthquakes is the sudden slipping of the portion of the earth’s crust past each other along fractures of faults. Another cause is volcano activity.
Minor causes of earthquake are sudden landslides, sub-marine slides and collapse of cavern roofs. The sudden shock sets up vibration in the earth and the vibrations take the form of waves within the earth. The focus of the earthquake is the place where these vibrations originate and the point on the earth’s surface which is vertically above the focus is called the epicenter. If the focus is nearer the earth’s surface the effects of the earthquake is greater. The vibrations or the tremors of the earthquake are measured by the Richter scale.
Earthquakes cause change in the earth’s surface. Sometimes in mountainous regions landslides are caused. Buildings collapse and several people are rendered homeless. Fire is another great danger. Railway lines are often bucked of twisted. Under-ground water system is naturally disturbed by earthquake.
It is a natural calamity and its effects are disastrous.
– Paridhi Khanna
Paragraph on Blood Donation
Blood donation is one of the noblest and greatest donations a man can make. Blood is our life-sap. It has no substitute. Several lives are lost for want of blood. Doctors need blood for transfusing it in the body of persons after operation and similar situations when a lot of blood flows out of the person’s body.
Now-a-days the Blood Banks stores this blood in sterilized bottles which are to be supplied in the time of need. But the increasing demand for blood at hospitals and other health centers cannot be met up by the limited number of professional blood sellers. We must all come forward to donate blood.
People fewer than eighteen and above sixty cannot donate blood. A donor must be at least 47.5 kg by weight. A past history of jaundice and certain other infectious diseases contraindicate blood donation.
Earlier people had a fear that blood-donation would weaken their body-strength and hamper their natural immunity. Now-a-days people have a scientific bent of mind. Once they are made aware of the fact that the amount of blood taken out from their body is minimal and easily replenished, they can easily let their fears go off.
People should understand that their little contribution can prove to be of great help to others. He is also personally benefited. He receives a permit which enables him to fetch a bottle of blood within a year, free of cost. Who knows whether he himself or his near or dear ones, would be saved by that bottle of blood, or not?
We should all come forward and donate blood if we are able-bodied because this one simple action would speak for itself about our gentleness, fellow-feelings, kindness and love for humanity. God has created life in this world. By donating blood to the life in need of blood, we save God’s children. Hence by serving man, we serve God.
– Paridhi Khanna
Short Paragraph on Drug Addiction
Drug Addiction is one of the serious problems of the present times. The narcotics like heroin, hashish, and brown-sugar are commonly called drugs and young men and women either take these drugs orally or inhale their smoke.
Sociologist says that drug-addiction is an addiction which has come to India and other oriental countries from the western-countries. The Indians are aping the west and becoming drug-addicts. In the modern society there are several family-problems. The lack of love and affection forces youths to get addicted to drugs. Sometimes the pressure of addicted friends tempts the youth to become an addict.
Psychologists say that drugs help the addict to escape from the strains and problems of the world. But they damage the nervous system tremendously and shatter the mental make-up of the addicts. It even causes death. Even if the addict gives up taking drugs suddenly he may die. So withdrawal must be done gradually.
Drug-addicts must be treated with love and kindness. The society should take strong measures to control the dishonest businessmen and drug-traffickers. There are laws of drug-control all over the world, yet drug-addiction is increasing gradually. What is needed an anti-drugs consciousness among the youth of the different countries.
– Paridhi Khanna
Short Paragraph on Unity is Strength
‘United we stand, divided we fall’. Wherever we may be, we must try to be united, give up our selfishness and co-operate with each other. We must realize that dissension spells disaster.
In the story, ‘The farmer and his sons’, the farmer asks his quarrelsome sons to break a bundle of sticks. The sons cannot break the bundle, but can easily break the sticks when they are separated. The farmer thus proves that ‘unity is strength’.
India came under foreign domination because of jealousy and enmity. We learn from the history of India that if Mirzafar had not gone over to the English and had not proved a traitor, Bengal would not have passed over to the English. The dissension in the army can cause a revolt. Similarly, it is not possible to win a game without co-operation, team-spirit and unity. If the members of a family and the society are united they can reach the zenith of prosperity.
– Paridhi Khanna
Essay on Darbar Sahib (Harmandir Sahib)
The famous Golden Temple is located at Amritsar. It is also known as Hari Mandir or Darbar Sahib. This is the most sacred shrine of the Sikhs in India.
The golden glitter of the great shrine invites every devotee to the solemn hymns from the holy Granth Sahib. Thousands of devotees visit this shrine everyday and listen to the message: “0 frail being, I Return to the path of the Divine and forsake materialistic pleasures. Your being represents Divine essence. Therefore, return to the Divine path — which will bring bliss and glory to your soul. Why have you forsaken such a glorious path? Why have the earthly pleasures attracted you so much? Are you unaware of the fact that all those that are born, have to die one day. Seek your Destiny through return to this immortal path of spiritualism.”
The holy hymns of the Guru Granth Sahib symbolizing the above message blare forth through loud speakers and the devotees sit with rapt attention. Many of them are impressed and they start a spiritualistic career.
The temple stands in the middle of a Sarovar (tank) which is known as the ‘Amrit Kund’. A marble path runs round the tank and a marble bridge leads to the temple. Lofty buildings stand round the path. The exquisite golden glitter of the dome which is constructed out of golden plates is highly enchanting to the human eye. The temple has four silver doors. The exterior glitter of the temple impresses every new visitor as if ‘gold and silver’ were nothing as compared to the spiritual sermons of the holy Granth Sahib kept within the sacred shrine. The most important aspect is ‘An Invitation to the Human Beings to Return to the Glorious path of Spiritual Renaissance’. Every morning and evening, we can listen to these holy sermons which are recited by the high priest.
The Akal Takht facing the shrine is a five-storied building and it is separated from the latter by an open space.
To the South West stands a seven-storied building ‘Baba Atal’. This building was built in memory of Atal Rai, the son of Guru Har Govind. It is the highest building in Amirtsar.
Pilgrims from all over the country visit this holy shrine. Even the sight-seers from all over the world visit this shrine and they are enchanted by the beauty of the buildings and the spiritual sermons emerging out of the shrine on the days of festivals. On the Diwali Day, the holy shrine presents a charming sight. The whole building is lit up with thousands of lamps. The reflection of these bulbs adds to the beauty of the sight.
Amritsar is a holy city where millions of devotees throng every year to pay homage to the great Gurus, whose sermons are sung by the devotees’ everyday in the holy precincts of Golden Temple.
– Paridhi Khanna
A trip to Rajghat (Gandhi Memorial)
Mahatma Gandhi, the Father of the Nation, died and he was cremated at Rajghat. It is situated on the right bank of the Yamuna River in New Delhi. This is the most famous place of pilgrimage where the foreign dignitaries also visit, apart from the local visitors. It is one of the most famous places and was designed in a magnificent way and the structures built all around show that it is a memorable place.
Outside the Rajghat, we find enough space for parking vehicles and near the gate, we find a book-stall and all the books relate to the life of the great leader and his achievements. Books on the Gandhian Literature can be purchased from this place.
Mahatma Gandhi died on the 30th of January, 1948 and that’s a historic day for all of us when thousands of people visit this place to pay homage to the father of the Nation. Mahatma Gandhi preached Non-violence, but Nathu Ram Godse shot him dead. He became a martyr and his name lives to this day.
We reached the place where the Samadhi of the great martyr lies. We placed wreaths of flowers on it. Black stony slabs were used to make this Samadhi.
We wondered to find some of the Indian Ministers placing wreaths of flowers on the Samadhi. Some people were chanting hymns in praise of the Father of the Nation.
People stood for sometime in silence in memory of the great leader who had departed leaving behind his imprints on this age. His principles still guide us. We feel enchanted to think of Mahatma Gandhi. And many people have a doubt if such a great man could exist in the modern age having the great principles of truth and non-violence.
We started back home after an hour. It was a visit that still remains fresh in our memory. Mahatma Gandhi is no more, yet his principles still guide us.
– Paridhi Khanna