Social Justice in India
The concept of social justice is a relative concept.
In a broader sense, social justice means not only equality before law,’ equal protection of law and independence of the judiciary from the executive and the legislature, but also denotes protection of the rights of the minority groups, eradication of poverty, illiteracy, unemployment and backwardness. The modern concept of justice is ‘proper and fair coordination between the interests of the individuals or groups and the broader interests of the society’.
The state can impose reasonable restrictions on the rights of the individuals for the common interest of the society. Such restrictions do not ignore the principles of justice; they rather strengthen social justice. For example, we can mention the policy of ‘reservation’ or ‘protective discrimination’ in India. In pursuance of this policy, the state has made certain special provisions for the advancement of the scheduled castes and the scheduled tribes; the Anglo-Indian community; other socially and educationally backward classes, women and children. The main objective of such discrimination is to uplift the backward communities and make them equal with the other sections of the Indian people. The above policy of reservation is not detrimental but complementary to equality.
But the Marxists think otherwise. According to them, the so-called slogan of ‘social justice’ is nothing but a deceptive trick. Raising this slogan, the bourgeois theoreticians’ only attempt to maintain the status-quo of the bourgeois society which is marked by gross inequalities and injustices.
– Rahul Chopra.