Education of Women in India

The ability to think on a higher level is God’s boon to the human race. This ability has been refined by being able to read and write which is one great distinction between humans and beasts.

Equal opportunity for Education should be given to all without discrimination between men and women. The women in highly developed western countries are educated and treated more honorably than in under-developed countries.

In India, with its ancient heritage of civilization, women are mostly treated with respect, well fed, clothed and liberally decked with ornaments and trinkets, but there are areas where they are treated little better than bonded slaves. A wife in the family enjoys the status of an unpaid maid servant in such societies, especially as long as her mother-in-law is the boss. However these are a minority and although the women are generally burdened with the role of a housewife, still, they are not a complaining lot, quite contented and satisfied with that choice.

With the passage of time, Indian women are being encouraged in getting educated and have been able to reach the top echelons of bureaucracy as well as intellectual pursuit. But if the percentage is calculated, we still find the majority of our women-folk, especially in the rural areas, illiterate and ignorant. They are totally unaware of what goes on outside their own household, this when we have given them an equal status to vote and select our government.

Indian males have the orthodox idea that with the spread of education, their women would start abhorring domestic duties. This is totally baseless, on the contrary, the knowledge of hygiene and home science lead to better care of children and management of home affairs.

In several cases it has been found that the women are themselves disinterested in education which stands in the path of enlightenment. In some cases, we also find that education is hampered due to early marriage.

Women education should be encouraged. It is the mother who is responsible for the early training of her child. An uneducated women cannot become a good companion to an educated husband and spends most of the time trying out ornaments or meddle in affairs not her own. This is an additional waste.

Lack of education leads to petty mindedness and such women are generally quarrelsome. To overcome this, education is a must for them. Even adult education available today has helped such women to improve and advance ideals of social life in several ways.

A happy home is always one where our mothers and sisters are well educated. They are then able to converse on all topics and debate their pros and cons. The Indian administrators today, have woken up to these basic truths and are making efforts to remove all obstacles in the path of suitable reforms for female education. The pitfalls should be avoided like trying to blindly ape the west and their ideals or priorities.

A system of education, equal for all, should be evolved to suit the peculiar circumstances of Indian Society and bring them into the mainstream.

It will be a day to celebrate, when India can boast of attaining total literacy.

-Pankaj Kapoor

Essay on Grace of God is better than Wealth

The modren world going round on the axis of money power. It is wealth today which is more appealing than God because it is the only means today by which a person’s worth is recognized. We have all become so materialistic that spirituality holds no charm for most of us and we have nearly forgotten that all the wealth even a multi-millionaire possesses cannot buy him peace of mind unless he is blessed by God.

‘Grace of God’ may have been forsaken by most of us except a miniscule few who believe that it is only this Grace which will light up his life and make the present day world a more beautiful place to live in.

Grace of God is what really matters as it brings you the support of friends. Wealth is a phase which is very turbulent. There have been innumerable cases where extremely wealthy men and women have been reduced to penury. As long as they had wealth and could flaunt it, there were friends galore who were ready to do anything for him at any time of the day or night but the moment these so called friends found out that he had lost his wealth, they would vanish like the ‘Fog on Sunny day’.

Here we must define friends. Friends have been defined by the age old adage “A friends in need is a friend indeed”. The opportunists who leech onto a wealthy man are not friends, indeed they proclaim themselves as one but are really not what they profess. They are evil men who by their sycophancy tend to mislead others and usurp their wealth. They are never there by the Grace of God. It is only by this Grace that a person is fortunate to have good friends and advisors who will protect him and his belongings, at the time of adversity. They are really and truly, the wealth of a man and more important than material wealth.

Without the Grace of God, a person forgets his humility. He becomes proud, arrogant and a non-believer. He starts believing in his invincibility which results in evil deeds. He becomes a person who is not moved by the sorry of others and in fact instead of pitying they will try to take advantage of this situation. Our present day mafias are examples of this category. These evil men have reached the position of strength by hook or crook and believe in the power of wealth only. When they are jailed or removed from their position by the wrath of the befooled and swindled public, only then are they reminded of the Almighty and ask for his Grace. It is only then that they realize that all their ill begotten wealth is of no use and what is more powerful is the ‘Grace of God’.

We remember till today, men of eminence who have died long ago, because of their good deeds, all done by the ‘Grace of God’. The names of Swami Vivekananda, Gurunanak Dev and Gautama Buddha are in this level. They had all renounced the materialistic world in pursuit of spirituality and even after so much time has elapsed, we remember them as great men who tried to change the approach of humanity, by diverting and enhancing their level of thinking.

‘Grace of God’ is not limited to religious men only. There are others who may not be religious minded to that extent but their belief in “God and His Grace” are infallible. There have been God fearing men of eminence too. We remember our Father of Nation – the great Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. He had served mankind all his life, believing it to be the command of the Almighty. He had never discriminated between castes, creed or religion. He did not discriminate between the rich and the poor and never considered any work below his dignity. His total faith in God and his Grace was proved by his love for fellow human beings.

Thus wealth is like the sand which a person tries to hold in his fist but runs through his fingers, whereas Grace of God is there with him for life. It is only due to His Blessings that a person can retain his dignity.

Thus, we have come to the conclusion that Grace of God is better than Wealth.

-Pankaj Kapoor.

Value of Outdoor Games

Outdoor Games are a necessity for maintaining good health. If taken in the right perspective, they are a source for exercise, recreation as well as adventure. Unfortunately, this fact is hardly realized by the majority in our country.

There are a variety of outdoor games to suit the taste and stamina of each and every individual. However, outdoor games can generally be named as Hockey, football, Cricket, Tennis, Volleyball, Badminton, etc., to name a few.

Indigenous outdoor games such as Kabaddi, Gulli-Danda, Kho-Kho etc. are also being revived and the first named has already been tried out in the Asian Games held in 1998 at Bangkok. They have been revived recently and were at the point of obscurity. They have been classified and are looked down upon to some extent by the urban population, as native games. However, in the rural areas, these native outdoor games still predominate, because they are quite in-expensive and suited to the robustness of our village brethren.

The value of outdoor games are varied and many. They are in the formation of character, creation of team spirit, the power of organization, self-sacrifice and self-respect.

  • The formations of characteristics like sportsmanship lead to a very healthy viewpoint of life where a person learns to take the wins and losses in the same spirit. Team spirit leads to the trait of bonhomie and a person learns to play for the benefit of the team. In a broader perspective he becomes a better person, who is not selfish and thinks about the society and his country as a whole.
  • The quality of organization leads to better management qualities and hones his abilities as a manager, be that for his home, his career or even his country.
  • The quality of self-sacrifice and his self-respect makes him a better husband, a better father and raises his status socially. All these combined together raises the level of his thinking a healthy mind and concept.

Outdoor games are particularly recommended for mental and sedentary workers, the latter specially need this sort of healthy exercise after spending day in and day out, sitting in their office chairs, doing jobs ranging from clerks to bureaucrats.

Schools boys do not need any incentive to play outdoor games, they simply love it, but we would advise others also to follow suit. In the Western Hemisphere, we find aged persons indulging in active physical games for the sake of health and recreation. This is why we are surprised to watch and hear about spritely old men and women who are still active and smart in their 80’s.

Our educational institutions should not neglect the importance of outdoor games – they should lay stress on allowing the boys and girls to choose whatever game they are inclined to. They should also make it compulsory for them to play outside during specified hours.

This would definitely lead to a healthy physique and would prove the statement that ‘Outdoor Games lead to a healthy mind in a healthy body’.

-Pankaj Kapoor.

Short Essay on Environmental Pollution

Environmental Pollution

Environmental Pollution threats the existence of human life. Environment is the surroundings in which we live. It includes climate, soil, water, flora and fauna on which depends the human civilization. But the environment is constantly changing by man for his own needs through destroying forests, polluting air, water and soils. All these environmental problems are known as environmental pollution.

Pollution-free Environment

This is a sustainable environment in which man can continue to exist keeping his natural relations with other components of the environment.

Types of Pollution

There are three types of environmental pollution

  1. Land pollution,
  2. Water pollution and
  3. Air pollution.

Land Pollution

Definition: Land is a precious component of environment as we live on land. Most of human occupations like farming, mining, and industry develop on land. Depletion of the land is called land pollution.

Nature of land pollution: Land pollution includes loss of soil fertility, increase in acidity of the soil, erosion or removal of top soil etc.

Water Pollution

Definition: Pure water is rare in nature. Any man-made or natural change in the properties of water like physical, chemical and biological characteristics may adversely affect the utility of water. This is termed Water Pollution.

Nature of Water Pollution: Water may be polluted by sewage contamination, industrial wastes, and farm wastes and is harmful to natural habitat and to the wild life also. The water may be toxic to aquatic fauna when it is chlorinated or mixed with petroleum, arsenic etc.

Air Pollution

Definition: Air pollution is the mixing of some substances like green house gases, odor, vapor or carbon particles in air in such concentration as may badly affect man and his environment.

Nature of air pollution: Nature of air pollutants is of different types, namely admixture of pollutant gases and green house gases, ozone depletion, formation of smog, acid rain etc.

-Rahul Chopra.