Education refers to the process of systematically acquiring knowledge and skills. It mainly refers to school, college and university education.
Amongst men’s fundamental rights, there is the right to get educated. This would have appeared fantastic a generation or two ago. In India it was believed in ancient times that reading and writing was a proper occupation for Brahmins and for the other higher castes.
Times have changed. Now, the common people also want to be educated. It may be said that just as every man has the right to get a share of sun-light so everyone has the right to get a share of the light of education.
It is one of the principal duties of the state to educate its people. Higher education is meant for men and women who have the requisite aptitude, but everyone must have elementary education. Every citizen will claim it of the state, and the state will make efforts to ensure that every citizen completes the primary education.
Illiteracy cannot be allowed to continue. Illiterate adults cannot, of course, be sent to primary schools along with children. But the children must be educated. Indeed, it may be said that provision for primary education is one of the crying needs of the day. Ordinarily there should be at least one school in every village. And if such a school is to be managed entirely by governmental funds, it must mean a heavy drain, but the problem must be faced squarely.
There is a good deal of controversy about the type of education that is to be given in primary schools. Some say that this education should be vocational; it must enable the learner to adopt some profession. Others say that primary education should be adjusted to the syllabus in high schools so that a student may easily go in for higher education. There are some who would do without books and lay stress on activity.