Essay on Science and Technology

Science and Technology – Essay 1

Science and Technology have transformed the world we live in. one cannot imagine a life without the advancements that it has provided in day to day life of today’s Human population. Science is the systematic study of principles and processes that run both life and interactions between non-living forms in the universe. Technology is that implementation of science by which man intends to make his life easier and more efficient.

Science and Technology have had a profound influence not only the way of life but also the thought processes and expectation of human beings in the current era. Below is a short list of advantages and disadvantages of science and technology

Positive Effects

  1. Mechanization: One of the most profound influences of Science and Technology can be seen in the way human beings go about doing their work. It is no exaggeration to state that, in today’s world everything is done by using machines. Machines are the reason for life being at such a fast pace as today. Right from one of the first inventions – the Wheel, every implementation of science and Technology has transformed the human life like it could never go back.
  2. Social Impact: Science and Technology have contributed to a great improvement in social cognizance and the way people interact with each other. With speed and real-time accessibility between different types of people and civilizations, a greater understanding of different cultures and way of life has been achieved with the help of science and Technology.
  3. Intellectual progress: Science and Technology have opened ways for human beings to understand the surrounds much better and faster with every invention. The interaction between different animals, plants, and non-living forms is better understood leading to better quality of life for all living forms on earth.

Negative effects

  1. Vulnerable to Irresponsible Use: One of the biggest drawbacks of Science and Technology that are plaguing the world today is its irresponsible usage. From fossil fuels to nuclear weapons, many of its contributions have been used to impact life on earth negatively.
  2. Overdependency: The ease that Science and technology have created in dealing with almost every task has introduced overdependency on its tools. For example, one cannot imagine a few days without electric lighting. It makes man helpless in absence of those tools created with the help of science and technology.
  3. Privacy issues: Today’s world is more interconnected and in a way inseparable from one entity to another. This has caused privacy issues and most of the time people do not have control over where and how the intricate data is stored and accessed.
  4. Health Impacts: Several interventions of science and technology, like chemicals etc., have introduced several alien substances into the human body and the environment that the life on earth depends on. These substances in most cases have become so much indestructible in the nature that several species have become extinct and several more have modified themselves at a genetic level.
  5. A threat to Sustainability: Scientists and Social works are equally worried about the sustainable use of technology as mankind has now realized that they have driven use of science and technology too far enough that its permanent changes are visible. There is growing fear about the sustainability of life in future generations.


Science and Technology, while has transformed the way we live and think, greater responsibility and care needs to be taken by all the stakeholders, including the scientists and the general public to make its net output positive. A technology implemented for short-term benefits that caused widespread and long-term deterioration of human life should be discouraged for the benefit of future generations.

By Jay Kuch

Importance of Science and Technology – Essay 2

Thinking why are science and technology important? What does it help with? Here are some points that would be helpful in understanding about it well.

For education

Have you heard your grandparents talking about how they went to school? Did they carry bundles of books? No. Then came your father who carried various books with him for studying. But what about you? With the help of science and technology today, the students can easily learn and earn degrees and certificates by sitting at home. The admissions and related processes were done manually by waiting in long queues, and now merely with some clicks, you can do the same sitting at your comfortable place through online form filling. The students are now also taught subjects through projectors and videos, which have replaced the blackboards. Hence, through science and technology, education has become quick and stress-free.

For the banks

Have you ever been to the bank? Do you think it has remained untouched with the magic of science and technology? The banks have also benefited a lot with the help of science and technology. Gone are the days when the bankers use to take minutes in counting bundles of notes. With the help of advanced machines like money counting machines, ATM machines, monitors, electronic banking, computers, and many such products have given a modernized way of banking. Through highly secured internet banking, online transfers, etc. the fear of losing money is also limited to a great extent.

For Agriculture Sector

Compared to early days, agriculture has become more advanced and less stressful for the farmers. The farmers who priory were giving just one or two crops in a year are able to add more crops in the list. With the help of science and technology, the crops and other agricultural products are available at an economical price too. This has also replaced the use of chemicals which are now replaced with organic or natural ingredients to make the crops healthy and soil more fertile.

For transportation

With the introduction of advanced transportation facilities, science and technology have reduced the traveling hours for human beings to a great extent. Whether you choose to travel by water, air or land, there are a variety of transportation facilities to select from like buses, cars, planes, boats, etc. Again, with the help of online booking facilities, e-banking systems, etc., booking the transportation is also simplified for adding comfort for the travelers. Yet, the facilities are also available at affordable prices. You would no longer have to travel for days or months, as through the advanced inventions, this time period has been reduced to hours.


Not only this, science and technology has come up with interesting and friendly innovations that have helped other sectors too like employment, communication, marketing, and many more. So, isn’t it an important part of our living?

By Venu

Updated on May 19, 2020.