Essay on Technology: Meaning, Advantages and Disadvantages

Meaning of Technology

The term “Technology” refers to the methods, systems, and applications which are the products of scientific information and inventions used for the benefit of society at large. It also means utilizing scientific knowledge for practical purposes, especially in Industry.

Some define technology as the application of science, its methods, and material towards achieving industrial and commercial objectives. It can also be defined as the branch of knowledge that involves the creation and use of technical means including engineering, applied science, etc. for practical ends. It can also be used to refer to a collection of techniques.

The word “technology” finds its origin in Greek literature in the word “tekhnologia” where techne means art, skill, and cunning of hand and logia means knowledge or logic. Technological developments have changed the world we live in. It has deeply impacted our lives and continues to do so.

Though there are innumerable advantages that have been brought upon by technology, there are certain ill effects as well. In this article, we will have a look at both the merits and demerits of using technology.

Advantages of Technology

  1. Increasing use of internet and computers has brought education to the fingertips of every interested student. Increased connectivity through phones.
  2. Helps businesses by improving product quality.
  3. Makes lives convenient.
  4. Technology helps create jobs.
  5. Helps in the development of renewable energy sources.
  6. Helps fights hunger through genetically modified foods (GMO).
  7. A major source of entertainment and art in the form of movies, radio, television, video games, etc.
  8. Technology has Enabled us to travel faster and efficiently.
  9. Increases longevity of life through medical advancements.
  10. Makes the world a global village.
  11. Access to information anytime, anywhere.
  12. Helps younger generation to develop research skills.
  13. Helps businesses by increasing production level.
  14. Increases Return On Investment (ROI)

Disadvantages of Technology

  • Weapons of mass destruction pose a grave danger to mankind.
  • Pollutes the environment. It has lead to global warming.
  • Makes us lazy and obese.
  • Privacy infringement.
  • Non-verbal communications have been replaced by verbal communications because of technology.
  • Technology is usually expensive.
  • Can lead to a social divide with minimal social interactions.
  • Needs to be upgraded frequently due to newer inventions and advancements.
  • Automation of jobs leads to unemployment.
  • Fear of data getting hacked, personal information being shared without permission.
  • Encourages cheating and stealing of ideas.
  • Risky experiments may go wrong and lead to a huge loss of lives and money.
  • Technological distractions at workplace affect worker’s productivity.


There is no sure way to ascertain if technology has brought us more good than evil. It is for us to decide whether the proliferation of technology in our daily lives is to be reduced in the current scenario or not?

Abhishyand Kumar