Meaning – Definitions
- The power generated by the means of nuclear reactions using radioactive substances is known as Nuclear Power also referred as Nuclear energy.
- Nuclear power is the energy that is produced by reacting some naturally occurring radioactive substances to produce heat; this heat is used in turn to rotate the turbine which generates the energy.
- Nuclear power refers to the electricity generated by the heat production which is obtained when nuclear fission takes place. This fission reaction is a chain reaction which doesn’t get terminated on its own, rather it has to be terminated using some barring means.
- The reaction taking place when the nucleus of a heavy object is bombarded with a fast moving helium atom is known as fission reaction. This generates heat and the heat in turn generates energy.
- The energy generated in power stations by making two radioactive substances react is known as Nuclear energy or nuclear power.
- It reduces the dependency on fossil fuels thus conserving the fossils for future generation.
- Its use ensures ‘more power using less raw material’.
- The nuclear reactions are chain reaction so they generate energy throughout the calendar. So other fuels like petrol are used very less.
- It is a green power, which means that it doesn’t pollute the surroundings and doesn’t create pollution.
- It reduces the cost of handling, generation and transportation of fuel which is not the case in fossil fuels where the costs are very high.
- It nurtures the environment with minimizing the pollution. This reduces global warming and somewhat stabilizes climate change.
- Its usage improves quality of air.
- It is considered a renewable energy so there is no need of replenishment.
- It doesn’t consume natural resources making them available for future generations.
- Like solar and wind energy, it doesn’t depend on the wind or sunlight which are not available 24*7.
- The cost of raw materials is around 25% the cost of energy generated.
- It lowers the emission of green hose gasses.
- This is inexhaustible source of energy.
- A single Nuclear power plant can generate huge quantity of energy.
- It is already available. No need to generating it.
- The waste generated is very dangerous.
- During the chain reaction, there are chances of accidents in power pants.
- The life of nuclear plants is not very long.
- The cost of establishment of plant is very high.
- Not every country has nuclear reserves, so the cost of purchasing raw material becomes high.
- If the reaction control system fails, the reaction is almost impossible to control.
- The risk of nuclear war can never be eliminated as far as there are nuclear plants.
- The time in entire process is very long.
- If any failure takes place, the repairing cost is very high.
- The nuclear waste is difficult to dump or dispose.
- The wastes make the land barren forever.
- The increasing dependency on nuclear power indicates that atleast 80 new plants are required every year.