Essay on Advantages and Disadvantages of Modern Technology

Technology is the application of scientific knowledge and techniques to solve man’s problems. Over the years, technology has grown and evolved due to increase in research and knowledge.

Modern technology is the advancement and evolution of old technology with new modifications all in a bid to make life better for the human race.

The impact of modern technology in our present day life cannot be overemphasized. Modern day technology changed a lot and replaced previously used technology that we had in the previous centuries. This is as a result of its increased benefits and newfound popularity. Despite the seemingly good intentions of scientists and researchers, technology is riddled with its fair share of advantages and disadvantages.

Advantages of modern technology

  • Unlike in time past, nowadays it has become very easy to access relevant information anywhere, at any time. Modern technology like broadband internet has made it relatively easy for different types of data and information to be published and accessed online. With smart devices, like iPad, android phones, laptops and tablets.
  • Modern transportation technology has made it easy to travel extremely long distances. Due to the advent of machines like electric trains, airplanes and cars; distances that used to take a long time to cover can be covered within minutes.
  • Development of the health industry: Devices like the dialysis machine, the defibrillator, the X-ray machine etc. have reduced the death rate of patients in hospitals and have made the work of medical personnel relatively easier. In addition, it has also led to the development of health applications that can help us monitor our health, weight and sometimes fitness.
  • Thanks to modern technology, in the comfort of your room you can interact with millions of people all across the world with additional features like video calling. This opportunity is also used to advertise ones goods and services
  • Unlike the traditional methods of marketing before the internet and media where only a limited amount of persons could be reached at a time; the internet provides an opportunity for you to present your ideas, goods and services to a wider range of people.
  • Innovation and creativity have been taken to the next level.
  • It is now very convenient to learn and grab information online.
  • Communication has been made a lot faster.
  • Entertainment gadgets have been improved.
  • Problems can now be solved with relative ease.
  • It helps small businesses to grow.
  • It has made advertisement cheaper and easier.
  • It has made life easier.
  • It has made education less strenuous
  • It has made people more efficient

Disadvantages of modern technology

  • Due to recent technological innovations some people have lost their jobs.
  • Because the efficiency of machines are high and their margin for errors are quite low, some activities that were carried out by humans in companies are now being handled by machines. For example, robots are now replacing human-beings in doing many jobs.
  • Increased loneliness due to addiction to mobile devices and withdrawal from people around you.
  • Modern technology has led to the development of weapons that can lead to mass destruction. Devices like automatic weapons, the atomic bomb, grenades and Hydrogen bombs can lead to destruction of lives and properties on a large scale.
  • Some machines like vehicles, emit harmful gases into the atmosphere that cause atmospheric pollution and also cause respiratory diseases. Some machines also release very loud sound during use-age, causing noise pollution.
  • It has reduced competency due to over dependence on technological gadgets.
  • It has increased security risks from hacking.
  • It has increased the rate of global warming.
  • Increase in cyber-crimes.
  • Proliferation of technological devices especially smartphones by a lot of people especially kids has led to them being addicted to their over use.
  • If kids lack supervision or checks are not put in place i.e. parental control, they can be exposed to inappropriate contents via the internet.
  • Cyber bullying and internet trolls are harmful.
  • The distraction caused by the overuse or addiction to these smartphones.
  • Access to private data by hackers. As data security isn’t guaranteed.


Conclusively, although modern technology has its associated disadvantages some of which have been listed above, one cannot deny the salient fact that the advent of technology in recent years has improved our lives in multiple ways enabling us to enjoy some degrees of comfort and also to carry out a lot of our daily activities much more easily than before. Most things in life usually have pros and cons and technology isn’t an exemption. That being said, if properly handled most of the disadvantages associated with modern technology can be abated to a minimal level.

By: Jay Kuch