Population problem in India is the result of an increase in the number of individuals in the overall population of the nation. The growth in population keeps on increasing with the increasing number of years. The growth in population can be determined by the survey of the Population Census in India. India is the second largest populated country in the world, which had a factual estimation of increasing the total population to more than 1.5 billion by 2030.
The population of India had increased at a considerable rate in these 50 or 70 years and is expected to be the most populous country in the world surpassing the population of China in the coming 50 or 70 years. It has been expected to reach 1.7 billion by the year 2050 to become the first nation and home to more than 1.7 billion people. During the period 1975 to 2010, the Indian population doubled to 1.2 billion.
The population in India is equivalent to the 17.74% of the total world population. It is the world’s 2nd populated country which is expected to be the first populated country in the coming few decades.
Due to this huge population, some major problems are faced by the Indian society that affects the economy of the nation directly. They are discussed as below:
- The high rate of unemployment throughout the nation.
- The high rate of illiteracy in most of the parts of the nation.
- Improper manpower utilization due to economic depression.
- The slower rate of infrastructural development.
- Over-exploitation of the resources.
- Inflation in price with the decrease in production.
- Unequal distribution of income throughout the country.
Few measures have been mentioned below to overcome these significant challenges due to the massive population of the country:
- A bold policy should be formulated by the political powers of India to balance the economic growth of the country with the growing population in India.
- Spreading of health education throughout the nation, and increasing awareness for the use of family planning methods.
The population problem in India is a continuous challenge since the last 50 or 70 years.