Agra fort is a fort of immense significance in the history of India. It is located in the city of Agra in Uttar Pradesh, a north Indian state.
It was the capital of Mughal Empire for a long time because of its centrality in the map of India. Later it fell into ruins as the capital moved to Delhi. When Akbar decided to move again to Agra, again because of its central location, he found it in a dilapidated state. The work of rebuilding the fort was once again commissioned, this time with sandstones from Rajasthan. These stones have a reddish tint hence the name ‘Lal-Quila’ or the Red Fort, but it is not to be confused with the Red Fort in Delhi.
- This is a beautifully constructed fort with grand facades and ornamented towers. There are the galleries and terraces of Diwane-aam (for common public) and Diwane-Khas (for the VIPs and the royal families), where concerts of dance and music were regularly held as also meetings.
- Situated alongside the Yamuna, this fort was the seat from where Akbar ruled as the emperor.
- Later when Shah Jahan was the ruler, he built the Taj Mahal in memory of his wife. The tower where Shah Jahan spent his last days offered him a good view of the Taj Mahal.
- The Agra fort has now been declared a UNESCO World Heritage site.
- In 2004 it was awarded the Aga Khan Award for Architecture.
The fort of Agra is a monument that has had a lasting impact on the history of India and is also an architectural wonder.