Golconda fort was built in the 13th century by the Kakatiyas with mud. It is located 11 kms from Hyderabad on a hill. The name Golconda means a circular hill.
It affords a beautiful view from the top. It was the capital of the Qutb Shahi Dynasty since th15th century. This is when the concrete masonry block work was done. In 1687 Aurangzeb overthrew the QUtb Shahi and annexed Golconda to the Moghul Empire.
Architectural spots in Golconda Fort
The Fort covers around 11 kms. Within the citadel there are four forts and thus many notable monuments such as palaces, mosques, temples. The tombs and cenotaphs of several generations of the Qutb Shahi family are within the fort.
The highest point is the fort of Bala Hissar. The acoustics of the fort are so intricately manged that a call from Bala Hissar Peak is heard to the main entrance clearly.
The Fateh Darwaza is the main entrance, heavily spiked for protection against attack from elephants. Aurangzeb entered the Golconda on his victory march from this gate, hence the name ‘Fateh’.
Toli Masjid and Kala Mandir are among other spots to be seen.
The beautiful gardens which once bloomed are still present, probably not in the splendour that they once did.
The tunnels under the entire fort complex are believed to connect the strategic parts of the fort for easy escape during attack. A tunnel is believed to even connect the fort to the Charminar.
The well thought out architecture from the point of security, access, water supply and natural beauty is a marvel.
Diamond mining in Golconda fort
Diamond mining first took place in India. Golconda was the diamond market where diamonds from various mines came to be sold. The famous diamonds Koh-I-Noor, and Daria-I-Noor and The Hope etc. came from the mines of Golconda. At a point in History, Golconda was synonymous with being wealthy.
The Golconda fort is on the list of Monuments tentatively receiving the status of UNESCO World Heritage site.
Golconda, once a world famous site for diamonds has seen many rulers and the lost splendour is visible in the remains of the vast fort.