Democracy is that form of an organisation where each member of that organisation has equal rights to decide the running of the organization. This terminology applies to the governance of a state in its most common form. In that case democracy is a form of governance run by people through representatives that are elected amongst themselves.
Advantages of democracy
- Every individual has a say in the way the state works. Policy decisions are not forced on to the people by some totalitarian thought process.
- Every individual gets to vote for the representative ideology that he or she believes in.
- Every decision taken is sufficiently deliberated and debated till all its pros or cons have been discussed before finalising.
- The representatives are also from the common man and need not have special qualifications or lineage to be a part of the government.
- If some party tries to take undue control, there are provisions that the common man can express disapproval and take away the powers given to the party or to the body.
- The government is in principle answerable to all their actions.
- In theory, every representative tries to do her best to uphold the confidence that has been placed in her by the people.
Disadvantages of democracy
- The biggest drawback of democracy is the very small possibility of congruence. Given the number of people and hence the number of opinions, coming to a decision is a very tiresome task.
- Often well intended decisions are also stalled because of the opposition placed on it just like on every idea presented.
- A government representative has to be far-sighted and not looking at short term gains, because any tough decision has an impact on her vote bank.
- Opposing a proposal is sometimes just a matter of standing in opposition to the present government and is a futile, time wasting exercise. These actions are a waste of the hard earned taxpayer’s money.
- Democracy can sometimes be reduced to a game of power and goes against its own principles.
Sometimes, a democracy can weaken governance. However, it is surely the most recommended form of governance if human and civil rights are to be fulfilled.