Short Essay on Republic Day (India)


Indian Republic Day is a national celebration for the entire Indian population. India is one of the ancient civilizations in the world. It has undergone several political and social changes over the centuries. On 15 August 1947, India achieved Independence from the British Colonial Rule. As a result of this transformation, India was declared a Republic nation on the 26 January 1950.


One of the popular prevailing political systems in India, before the British Colonial Rule was the Monarchy, where the King and the Royal family are the rulers and the power authority of the country. To differentiate from this political system, and from the Colonial British Rule; India was declared a Republic on the 26 January 1950. This means the new Constitution of India was adopted and came into action on this day. As per this Constitution, India adopted the Democratic form of government and that the ultimate power source rests with the People. So the country is ruled by the elected representatives of the people, elected every few years.


After Indian Independence, in 1947, the Constitution Drafting Committee was appointed under the leadership of Dr. B. R. Ambedkar. The drafting, deliberations and the finalization of the Constitution took a few years, and it was in January 1950, that the final Constitution was agreed upon by the Constituent Assembly of India. The Constitution was brought into effect on 26 January 1950 and since then every year this day is celebrated as the Republic Day of India.

Why do we celebrate Republic Day?

Being an Independent Nation, and a Republic, is a matter of great pride for all Indians. This was the beginning of the new India, as we know it today. Celebrating the Republic Day is a collective social reminder of the nationalist spirit for all Indians.

Why was Indian Constitution brought into action on 26th January?

26 January was chosen as the day to implement the Indian Constitution because, it was 26 January, in the year 1930 that the Indian National Congress first declared ‘Purna Swaraj’ or the Declaration of Indian Independence from the Colonial British Rule.


Every Indian, living in India or abroad, celebrates the Republic Day on 26 January every year with great pride.

By Janhavi