Over the years the world has had more of a growing concern for animals. For some animals, their livelihood is in danger. With extinction touching many different animal species in the world, many countries around the world are fighting the extinction of certain animals in their countries, by passing laws. These laws are created to protect animals and to punish those who kill endangered species. The practice of protecting wild plants, animals, and their habitats, wildlife conservation, is something that should be practiced by everyone all over the world. Stronger and tougher laws should be put into place for protecting animals. Many people continue to fight for tougher laws to be put in place, but for some countries, people can only fight to make people more aware of how killing off certain animals will be detrimental to their community. Conserving the wildlife will always be a concern for many countries unless communities stand up and demand change.
Importance of Wildlife Conservation
Even though there are people in the world who understand that animals are needed in the world to help nurture the world, many do not understand why it is important to care for wildlife. However, if taught the importance that each animal has in the world, people around the world may change their ways. Many just need to know why it is important to conserve the wildlife. Some of these reasons include:
- Agriculture – Future food supplies could be secured with the encouragement to conserve wildlife.
- Research – Conserving the wild plants and animals are important for research also because the ecosystems and biodiversities can be used in the pharmaceutical industry and for traditional medicine. Any failed attempt to save the wildlife could result in the loss of very important sources of knowledge.
- Economics of Eco-Services – Making sure that the wildlife conserved is essential because many of the ecosystem’s raw materials are used in basic human activities. The activities in the ecosystem also have an effect on the quality and quantity of the fresh water that humans have access to.
- Ecotourism – When tourists travel to Africa or other countries where tourists can see animals in their natural habitats, it usually promotes wildlife conservation. This means that many tourists embrace the beauty and life of nature and want to help save it.
- Environmental Indicators – One of the main reasons that many people involve themselves with saving wildlife is because they are intrigued by how various animals can serve as indicators for other environmental problems.
- Education – Conserving wildlife gives students all over the world the opportunity to learn about animals and their habitats. This learning experience will also teach them why it is important to keep the wildlife protected. Fewer educational resources will be left if the wildlife is not conserved.
- Healthy Environment – Wildlife is a big part of why the environment needs to stay clean and healthy. Many wildlife plants and animals feed on plant and animal wastes. Earthworms, micro-organisms, slime molds, fungi, and bacterial just some of the things that help with cleaning the environment. Vultures and eagles also help with cleaning the environment. These birds remove the carcasses and dead bodies of animals.
- Livelihood for Individuals – For many people, the wildlife provides an income to their lives. Fishermen, farmers, and employees at resorts are just a few of the occupational professionals that make a living off of the wildlife. Porters, guides, and drivers for wildlife tourism are a few other occupations where people get to make money from keeping the wildlife protected.
- Valuable Aesthetically – The wildlife brings beauty to the planet and this natural beauty is protected by the animals that live in their natural habitats. Without the wildlife full of birds, rivers, animals, and forests, Earth would be a place without any traces of life.
- Socio-Cultural Value – Many cultures are represented by the wildlife in their communities. Wildlife is the backbone many cultures, with certain animals being associated with gods and goddesses of these cultures. If it were not for the ancestors of many cultures, some of the species would have gone extinct centuries ago.
- Deforestation – The wildlife needs to be protected from those that are trying to convert the forests into agricultural lands. The cutting down of trees will not only threaten the lives of the forest but the animals who live in the forest.
- Invasive Species – Sometimes when a new species overtakes an existing animal population it is a predator. This can cause a threat to a fragile ecosystem if the predator eats animals that are already endangered. This is why it is important to protect the wildlife, even from the other animals that kill off endangered species.
- Long Gestation Period and Low Birth Rate – Some species like brown bears and elephants take months and even years to reach their sexual maturity. For example, brown bears reach their sexual maturity between 5-7 years. Elephants have a 22-month gestation period and they can only produce one calf at a time. This would be why so many animals come close to extinction before they have a chance to reproduce.
- Inability to Adapt – When factors, such as noise, chemicals, or air pollutants are brought into a wildlife environment, many plants and animals are at risk of surviving. With people not putting plants and animals at risk, all of the living creatures in wildlife has a better chance at survival.
In the coming years, the wildlife will need to be more protected than ever. With new introductions of danger coming into the wildlife environment all of the time, communities will need to stick together to better protect animals. However, for the survival of the wildlife habitats to be guaranteed, countries around the world need to have stricter laws and punishment for those who break them.